Every member of your family, young and old can benefit from routine eye examinations.
Below is a list of some common eye problems and information in regard to detection and prevention.
Because sight is such a valuable sense, it’s important to be informed and know how to properly care for your eyes. Knowledge and routine eye exams will help preserve your eyes for life.
Knowledge is power -- especially when dealing with health issues concerning your eyes. Understanding how the eye works can help give perspective to your condition, although nothing beats asking your eye-care provider during your annual eye exam.
Exams, diagnosis, treatments and management of diseases or disorder of the visual system is done by an optometrist, who is a state-licensed healthcare professional. If you have any questions about your eye exam or the process of eye care, ask your Independent Doctor of Optometry.The optometrist typically will provide:
Presbyopia (The worsening of vision with regard to age is usually due to presbyopia, in which your lenses begin to thicken and lose their ability to bend and focus properly.)
Astigmatism (An irregular curvature of the cornea. Astigmatism can be corrected easily with eyeglasses, contact lenses, or surgery.)
Our glossary is a handy reference for these terms and other ocular definitions.
Diabetic retinopathy: A disease of the retina caused by high blood sugar. High blood sugar can damage tiny blood vessels in the retina. As the condition suggests, diabetics are at risk for developing diabetic retinopathy. The danger is that there are no symptoms and if blurred vision occurs, it’s a sign the disease has already progessressed to where it’s too late for vision reversal. If caught in time, modern diabetic retinopathy treatment options can slow or halt disease progression. This disease makes a perfect case for the crucial nature of scheduling your annual eye exam.
A cataract: The blurring and distorting of your vision when your lens clouds over from a protein build-up which keeps light rays from passing through the lens.
Cataracts can easily be prevented or stopped from progression with proper and regular eye care. Being observant of small changes or the loss of color and clarity can be the gradual symptoms of cataracts. Your eye doctor should be contacted if you notice any such visual changes.* If required, cataract surgery has a high-rate of success, fortunately.
Glaucoma: The increase in fluid pressure inside your eye. With enough pressure, and no treatment, the optic nerve -- which sends the images your eyes see to your brain -- can be seriously damaged. With no early glaucoma symptoms or pain involved, most people with glaucoma are unaware of their condition which is why regular exams are key. To prevent or halt glaucoma, schedule an eye exam today.
Retinal detachment: When your retina pulls away from the tissue along the inner wall of the eye., causing the retina to malfunction. If not addressed immediately, it can have devastating consequences on your vision, so early diagnosis is vital. Once detachment is discovered, there are several options to correct it, but only if it's detected early.
Macular Degeneration: Age-related macular degeneration, or AMD, is the degeneration of the center of the retina, otherwise known as the macula. If this part of the retina is damaged, it can affect your central vision and your ability to see color and fine detail. AMD can be hereditary, and smokers are at a higher risk for developing this condition. Fortunately, AMD can often be detected in a routine eye exam, so don't forget to schedule an annual eye exam.
Ocular Hypertension: Any situation in which pressure in the eye is higher than normal. It isn't a disease, but people with ocular hypertension should be observed more closely for the onset of glaucoma. Proper and regular vision care is essential to preventing or halting eye problems, so schedule an eye exam* to check for any problems before they become too serious to correct.
Pressure in the eye is measured using an instrument called a tonometer. Ten out of every 100 people older than 40 will have ocular hypertension—but only one of those 10 people will develop glaucoma.
From dry eyes to floaters to the strain of staring at a computer all day, there is a host of common eye conditions that itch, burn, or just irritate us.
Vision repair surgery can correct eye problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. Procedures such as lasik eye surgery, or LASIK (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis), PRK (photorefractive keratectomy), and LASEK (laser epithelial keratomileusis) reshape the cornea and have given millions of people the chance to see better without corrective lenses. To learn if you are a candidate for such procedures, ask your doctor, who will also describe the risks.
Medical advances have provided exciting new treatments for eye conditions including glaucoma, retinopathies, macular degeneration and cataracts. However no disorder can be treated without early detection. Annual eye examinations are vital for monitoring the health of your eyes, but they may also detect the onset of other underlying health conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, stroke, circulatory disorders, and some neurological disorders.
For school-age children, good grades depend on good vision. Your child should begin receiving annual eye examinations no later than age 5. In the very early stage of your child's development, detection of amblyopia (or lazy eye) is essential in correcting the problem for your child's future visual health.
Contact lens wearers must be vigilant regarding abnormal changes in the eye, which are not always readily apparent. Contact lenses can hinder the natural absorption of oxygen in the eye. This can lead to corneal ulcers or neo-vascularization; a condition in which new, deficient blood vessels begin to grow into the cornea to supply the deprived tissue with oxygen. These vessels can extend across the pupil area of the cornea and impair your vision. It is imperative for contact lens wearers to visit their eyecare professional to have their eye structures, as well as the anatomy and physiology carefully monitored.
Every member of your family, young and old, can benefit from routine eye examinations.
Eyeland Optometric Group provides more than just your eyeglass prescription. Our Optometrists can diagnose and treat all manner of ocular surface and anterior segment disorders. This includes corneal foreign body removal and management of all forms of keratitis, commonly known as "pink eye." We also prescribe medications for many other ocular conditions. If we detect a problem we feel requires surgical consultation, we work closely with the surgeon and assume post-surgical care of our patients as soon as possible.
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